Land capability refers to the ability of land to support a particular use without degradation of the land, water or ecosystems dependent upon it. Land capability covers a wide range including rural, rural-residential and urban land uses. Key factors typically include water availability, soil nutrient retention ability, soil permeability, groundwater depth and soil structure.

For rural-residential and special rural developments, the key factor is often the site's capability to support on-site effluent disposal, the standards for which are specified by the Government Sewerage Policy 2019.

BES has undertaken many land capability assessments for special rural, residential, commercial and rural development proposals. Examples of some of these projects can be found on the PROJECTS page. With experience, land capability constraints that initially appear to preclude development on a site can often be overcome by proper design.

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